How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Bites Holistic Doctor Online

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are parasitic insects living around human and feed on human blood. They are classified under the group Arthropoda and Insecta (insect family).

Bed Bug is an insect which lives with human and feeds on human blood. As they are usually found in and around our bed they are called bed bugs.

bed bug

Bed bugs were almost eradicated from most of the countries, but there is a sudden increase in bed bug infestation in many countries in the last few years. It may be due to increase in the number of travelers like tourists, migrant laborers, refugees etc.

How to identify Bed bug?

Bed bugs are small insects, oval in shape, reddish brown in color with flat bodies. They have vestigial wings and cannot fly.

Adult bed bugs are around 4 to 5 mm in size. They have segmented abdomen. Their flat body swells up after each feed. Their flat body allows them to hide into tiny spaces.

Feeding Habits of bed bug

Bed bugs feed on human blood only. Usually, they feed at night while people sleep. They feed for about 3 to 10 minutes and return to the cracks or crevices where they hide to digest the feed.

They rarely feed on day time. Bed bugs usually bite the exposed areas not covered by the bed sheet or dress.

Bed bug bites are seen almost in straight line.

Bed bugs feed by piercing the skin and sucking out blood with its long beak.

Signs of bed bug infestation?

The first sign of bed bug infestation is seen on our skin as red itchy patch or welt.

bed bug bites

Blood stains are seen on mattresses, pillow cases, bed sheets or on the dress by accidental crushing of the fully fed bugs.

Small dark dots are seen on the bed, furniture, on wall cracks etc which are the excretion of the bed bugs.

Eggs or egg shells which are around 1 mm in size and white in color are seen.

Live bed bugs may be visible. Molted and discarded bed bugs skin can be seen.

There will be a musty odor around caused by the bed bugs’ scent glands.

How bed bugs spread?

Bed bugs move from one place to another with people, hiding in clothes, furniture, bags and other materials.

bed bug bite mattress

Bed bugs are found in places where people gather or stay like apartments, houses, hotels, motels, theaters, hostels and transport vehicles. They are found even in ultra clean houses and star hotels.

Signs and symptoms of bed bug bite

Bed bug bites usually look like other insect bites.

The bed bug bites are mostly seen in exposed areas of the body like hands, legs, shoulder, neck and face.

Some people may not have any symptoms. Some may have small, red and itchy patches, which are raised or flat. They are due to the allergic reaction to chemicals present in the saliva of the bugs.  The bites may be seen in straight line. Normally it won’t get infected unless scratched.

Bed bugs generally don’t transmit any disease.

Treatment for bed bug bites

  • Wash the bed bug bitten area with mild soap and water. Calamine lotion can be applied.
  • If itching is severe, mild steroid ointment (Hydrocortisone or Betamethasone) can be applied.
  • If the allergic reaction is severe with other symptoms like breathlessness consult your doctor.
  • If there is an infection, local antibiotic ointments can be applied.

Natural treatment for bed bug bites

  • After washing with mild organic soap and water ice pack can be applied.
  • Cut ends of onion or Garlic can be applied.
  • If itching is severe, wet tobacco in water and apply over the bites.
  • Apple cider vinegar which is a good anti-inflammatory and anti-itching agent can be applied.
  • Banana peel can be rubbed on bites.
  • Lemon juice or cinnamon with honey can be applied.
  • A thick paste of baking soda with water can be applied.

The natural treatment given above will reduce swelling and itching.

How to prevent bed bug bites

Cover yourself fully from neck to toe with a cloth as bed bugs feed only on the exposed area.

Stitch protective covers for pillows and mattresses without any hiding places for the bed bugs. This prevents the bed bugs staying and coming out of the mattress or pillows to feed.

Cover all cracks and joints in the furniture and bed with paint or wax so that bed bugs cannot hide.

Move the bed away from the wall.

Fix insect interceptors with pesticide or water under the feet of the bed to prevent bed bugs climbing the bed from the floor.

Organic soap, rubbing alcohol, essential oils or other repellents can be applied to the exposed parts of the body before going to bed.

Sticky bed bug traps can be kept around the infested area.

How to prevent bed bug infestation

As soon as you reach home from bed bug infested area, check your clothes and bags for bed bugs.

If you happened to stay in infested place keep the bags and beddings away from the bed room. Wash clothes and bed sheets in hot water and dry them in hot sun light. Bed bugs die at a temperature above 45-degree C. If bags are infested pour boiling water over it to dis-infest and dry it in hot sun light.

While buying furniture, check for bed bugs.

Close all cracks and crevices in wall and furniture to eliminate bed bugs hiding places.

How to eliminate bed bugs

If your house is infested with bed bugs clean the house, scrub all mattresses, pillows, cots, furniture and other areas where bed bugs hide, with a hard brush to remove eggs, dead bugs and fecal spots and vacuum clean the area with a powerful vacuum cleaner. Discard the vacuum bag in sealed plastic bags.

Vacuum clean the carpets and under the carpet also.

vacuum cleaner to eliminate bed bug


Wash all clothes and bed sheets in hot water mixed with an essential oil like lavender oil or tea tree oil and hot dry it.

Blow steam with a powerful steamer on all nick and corners and cracks where bed bugs hide.

Blow hot air using a hair dryer in the places where the bed bugs hide.

Seal all cracks in the wall, electrical outlets, joints in cots and furniture.

Spray essential oil like eucalyptus oil, lavender oil or tea tree oil on the bed and other areas where the bed bugs hide.

Sprinkle food grade Diatomaceous earth in bed, around the bed and in and around the hiding places of bed bugs. When the bed bugs come in to contact with the diatomaceous earth, it will dehydrate the bed bugs and kill them.

Spraying chemical pesticides may help, but the chemicals must come into contact with the live bed bugs.

Foggers can be used with caution (it can explode). Close the windows, activate the canister and leave the room and keep it closed for 24 hours.

You can give the job to professional pest control agencies.

Preventing bed bug infestation is better and easier than eliminating the bed bugs.

How To Get Rid Of Dandruff Naturally

How to get rid of dandruff

How To Get Rid Of Dandruff Naturally

Every day our body replaces old cells with new cells. This is seen in scalp also and cells are shed in flakes regularly. But when the cells are shed at a faster rate, it becomes a cosmetic problem and flakes are seen on hair, dress on shoulder and back like snowflakes. Here we will discuss about the causes and how to get rid of dandruff.

Causes of Dandruff

Dry Skin or oily skin, insufficient shampooing or over shampooing can produce dandruff. Chemical present in hair tonics, shampoos, conditioners, hair oils and hair dyes can produce allergy or hypersensitivity and increase dandruff. Cold climate can also produce dry skin and dandruff. Normally there are bacteria (staphylococcus), fungus (malassezia) and yeast present on the scalp. When the immunity of the person goes down (stress, using steroids etc…), they over grow and produce dandruff. Other conditions like eczema, psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis can also produce flaking.



The best way to get rid of dandruff is to apply fenugreek paste to scalp.

Soak 3 tablespoon of fenugreek seeds in one cup of water overnight, grind it in the morning, apply the paste over the scalp, massage the scalp and wash it off after 30 minutes. It is a good hair tonic and keeps the hair silky and smooth. Use this twice a week for better results.

Neem leaves

Neem leaf is a very good natural remedy to get rid of dandruff. Grind neem leaves with little water to make a paste. Massage the neem paste over scalp and wash it off after 15 minutes. Neem leaf acts as excellent antibacterial and antiviral agent.

You can boil neem leaves in water and after it cools down, apply over scalp and wash it off after 15 minutes.

Curry leaves

Applying curry leaf paste over scalp is an excellent home remedy to get rid of dandruff. Curry leaves are rich in antioxidants, proteins, vitamins and minerals.

Grind curry leaf with little water. Apply the paste over scalp. Wash it after 30 minutes. It is good to prevent premature graying. Apply curry leaves to the hair to produce black, silky hair. It is a good hair tonic helps in hair growth.

You can boil curry leaves in coconut oil, cool it, apply over scalp, keep it overnight and wash it with cold or lukewarm water in the morning. Continue this 2 or 3 times a week until the scalp is clear of dandruff.

Coconut oil

Applying coconut oil on scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff. Coconut oil acts as good anti bacterial and anti-fungal agent.

Take 1 tablespoon of coconut oil and heat it. When it is warm massage it over scalp, cover your hair with a shower cap, leave it overnight and wash it in the morning with cold water.

Tea Tree oil

Applying tea tree oil to scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff. You can mix it with olive oil or coconut oil and apply over scalp.

Aleo vera

Aleo vera gel gives cooling effect to scalp, reduce inflammation and itching. Applying aloe vera gel to scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff.

Baking soda

Baking soda is another agent to get rid of dandruff. It acts as good anti-fungal and antibiotic. It reduces sebum in the scalp and reduces inflammation and itching of scalp.

Make the scalp wet, massage baking soda over wet scalp and wash it after 10 minutes.


The acid in lemon modifies the pH of scalp. It acts as a good anti-fungal agent. Apply it over scalp 2 to 3 times a week, 10 minutes before bath to get rid of dandruff.

Olive oil

Olive oil application to scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff. Apply olive oil to scalp at night and wash it off in the morning.

Apple cider vinegar

Apply apple cider vinegar over scalp to get rid of dandruff. Apple cider is high in acetic acid. It alters the pH of scalp. Apple cider vinegar acts as good antibacterial.

Mix equal amount of apple cider vinegar and water, massage it over scalp and wash it after 15 minutes.

The result of treatment may vary from individual to individual. You can try it individually or in combination for better results.

How to prevent dandruff

Along with above methods to get rid of dandruff, well balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables will help to prevent dandruff. Use mild shampoo. Avoid hair tonic, hair oil and hair dye with lot of chemicals. Avoid taking bath with very hot water. Use cold or lukewarm water for bath. Avoid mental stress.