Diabetes During Pregnancy

Diabetes During Pregnancy

Diabetes During Pregnancy

What is Gestational Diabetes?

When a non-diabetic woman develops diabetes (high blood sugar) when she is pregnant, it is called Gestational Diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes develops during the last 3 months of pregnancy and resolves after delivery.

Gestational Diabetes is found in 5 to 15% of pregnant women.

What is the cause of Gestational Diabetes?

Placenta helps the baby to grow in the uterus.

Hormones produced by the placenta to help the development of the baby affects the function of mother’s insulin. This produces gestational diabetes.

It is more common in pregnant women with obesity, polycystic ovaries, type 2 diabetes in their families and in pregnant women above 35 years.

What are the symptoms of Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational Diabetic patients may not show many symptoms. Diagnosis is normally made when routine blood tests are done.

What are the types of Gestational diabetes?

Type 1 GDM:  High blood sugar level in oral glucose tolerance test with normal fasting & postprandial (pp) blood sugar values.

Type 2 GDM: High blood sugar in oral glucose tolerance test and high fasting& postprandial (pp) blood sugar levels.

What are the possible complications?

Gestational diabetes can produce intrauterine death of the baby, stillbirth, congenital abnormalities, and big Babies. Babies can become diabetic later. In mothers, it can produce pre-eclampsia (Condition with high blood pressure with albumin in the urine), uterine atony, prolonged labour and infection.

GDM patients can become type 2 diabetics latter.

What are the investigations to be done?

Oral glucose tolerance test, HbA1c, Urine examination and Ultrasound abdomen.

What are the treatments for Gestational diabetics?

For type 1 GDM: Diet control and mild exercise is enough. Reduce carbohydrates in the diet and take more proteins and lot of vegetables.

For type 2 GDM: Insulin is the treatment of choice. Anti-diabetic tablets are not approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA).


How To Prevent Kidney Disease Naturally

                                             Prevent Kidney Disease Naturally Prevent Kidney Disease Naturally

Kidneys are very important to our body to extract and excrete waste from blood as urine. They also regulate pH of blood, fluid volume, electrolytes in blood and maintain blood pressure. Kidney disease is the 9th leading cause of death in the world. So here we will discuss the methods to prevent kidney diseases.

Drink lot of water

Drink at least 8 glasses of water per day. This will help to flush out waste from the blood and prevent kidney disease.

Avoid pain killers

To prevent kidney disease, avoid taking painkillers. If unavoidable, take painkillers on physician’s advice and for a short period only.

Blood sugar, Pressure and cholesterol

Keep your blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol under control to prevent kidney disease.


Keep your body weight under control to prevent kidney disease. Obesity may produce diabetes and high blood pressure which can produce kidney disease. Obesity also increases the metabolic load to kidneys.

Avoid smoking

Smoking can affect the blood supply to the kidneys. The toxins absorbed while smoking can damage the kidneys. So avoid smoking to prevent kidney disease.

Urge to urinate

Do not Control the urge to urinate for too long. This will stretch the bladder muscles and damage the elasticity of the bladder. Stagnation of urine increases urinary infection. The back pressure can damage the kidneys. Relieve bladder often to prevent kidney disease.

Reduce Salt

Avoid taking extra salt in food. Reduce pickles, salty snacks, junk food, aerated drinks, processed food and avoid food with pesticides to prevent kidney disease.


Reduce mental stress and do regular exercises like yoga and tai chi to prevent kidney disease.

Vegetables and fruits

Take plenty of multi-coloured fruits and vegetables that are rich in antioxidants and vitamins. Take more kidney friendly foods like asparagus, berries, watermelons, cabbage, cauliflower, pepper, onions and garlic to prevent kidney disease.