How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Bites Holistic Doctor Online

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are parasitic insects living around human and feed on human blood. They are classified under the group Arthropoda and Insecta (insect family).

Bed Bug is an insect which lives with human and feeds on human blood. As they are usually found in and around our bed they are called bed bugs.

bed bug

Bed bugs were almost eradicated from most of the countries, but there is a sudden increase in bed bug infestation in many countries in the last few years. It may be due to increase in the number of travelers like tourists, migrant laborers, refugees etc.

How to identify Bed bug?

Bed bugs are small insects, oval in shape, reddish brown in color with flat bodies. They have vestigial wings and cannot fly.

Adult bed bugs are around 4 to 5 mm in size. They have segmented abdomen. Their flat body swells up after each feed. Their flat body allows them to hide into tiny spaces.

Feeding Habits of bed bug

Bed bugs feed on human blood only. Usually, they feed at night while people sleep. They feed for about 3 to 10 minutes and return to the cracks or crevices where they hide to digest the feed.

They rarely feed on day time. Bed bugs usually bite the exposed areas not covered by the bed sheet or dress.

Bed bug bites are seen almost in straight line.

Bed bugs feed by piercing the skin and sucking out blood with its long beak.

Signs of bed bug infestation?

The first sign of bed bug infestation is seen on our skin as red itchy patch or welt.

bed bug bites

Blood stains are seen on mattresses, pillow cases, bed sheets or on the dress by accidental crushing of the fully fed bugs.

Small dark dots are seen on the bed, furniture, on wall cracks etc which are the excretion of the bed bugs.

Eggs or egg shells which are around 1 mm in size and white in color are seen.

Live bed bugs may be visible. Molted and discarded bed bugs skin can be seen.

There will be a musty odor around caused by the bed bugs’ scent glands.

How bed bugs spread?

Bed bugs move from one place to another with people, hiding in clothes, furniture, bags and other materials.

bed bug bite mattress

Bed bugs are found in places where people gather or stay like apartments, houses, hotels, motels, theaters, hostels and transport vehicles. They are found even in ultra clean houses and star hotels.

Signs and symptoms of bed bug bite

Bed bug bites usually look like other insect bites.

The bed bug bites are mostly seen in exposed areas of the body like hands, legs, shoulder, neck and face.

Some people may not have any symptoms. Some may have small, red and itchy patches, which are raised or flat. They are due to the allergic reaction to chemicals present in the saliva of the bugs.  The bites may be seen in straight line. Normally it won’t get infected unless scratched.

Bed bugs generally don’t transmit any disease.

Treatment for bed bug bites

  • Wash the bed bug bitten area with mild soap and water. Calamine lotion can be applied.
  • If itching is severe, mild steroid ointment (Hydrocortisone or Betamethasone) can be applied.
  • If the allergic reaction is severe with other symptoms like breathlessness consult your doctor.
  • If there is an infection, local antibiotic ointments can be applied.

Natural treatment for bed bug bites

  • After washing with mild organic soap and water ice pack can be applied.
  • Cut ends of onion or Garlic can be applied.
  • If itching is severe, wet tobacco in water and apply over the bites.
  • Apple cider vinegar which is a good anti-inflammatory and anti-itching agent can be applied.
  • Banana peel can be rubbed on bites.
  • Lemon juice or cinnamon with honey can be applied.
  • A thick paste of baking soda with water can be applied.

The natural treatment given above will reduce swelling and itching.

How to prevent bed bug bites

Cover yourself fully from neck to toe with a cloth as bed bugs feed only on the exposed area.

Stitch protective covers for pillows and mattresses without any hiding places for the bed bugs. This prevents the bed bugs staying and coming out of the mattress or pillows to feed.

Cover all cracks and joints in the furniture and bed with paint or wax so that bed bugs cannot hide.

Move the bed away from the wall.

Fix insect interceptors with pesticide or water under the feet of the bed to prevent bed bugs climbing the bed from the floor.

Organic soap, rubbing alcohol, essential oils or other repellents can be applied to the exposed parts of the body before going to bed.

Sticky bed bug traps can be kept around the infested area.

How to prevent bed bug infestation

As soon as you reach home from bed bug infested area, check your clothes and bags for bed bugs.

If you happened to stay in infested place keep the bags and beddings away from the bed room. Wash clothes and bed sheets in hot water and dry them in hot sun light. Bed bugs die at a temperature above 45-degree C. If bags are infested pour boiling water over it to dis-infest and dry it in hot sun light.

While buying furniture, check for bed bugs.

Close all cracks and crevices in wall and furniture to eliminate bed bugs hiding places.

How to eliminate bed bugs

If your house is infested with bed bugs clean the house, scrub all mattresses, pillows, cots, furniture and other areas where bed bugs hide, with a hard brush to remove eggs, dead bugs and fecal spots and vacuum clean the area with a powerful vacuum cleaner. Discard the vacuum bag in sealed plastic bags.

Vacuum clean the carpets and under the carpet also.

vacuum cleaner to eliminate bed bug


Wash all clothes and bed sheets in hot water mixed with an essential oil like lavender oil or tea tree oil and hot dry it.

Blow steam with a powerful steamer on all nick and corners and cracks where bed bugs hide.

Blow hot air using a hair dryer in the places where the bed bugs hide.

Seal all cracks in the wall, electrical outlets, joints in cots and furniture.

Spray essential oil like eucalyptus oil, lavender oil or tea tree oil on the bed and other areas where the bed bugs hide.

Sprinkle food grade Diatomaceous earth in bed, around the bed and in and around the hiding places of bed bugs. When the bed bugs come in to contact with the diatomaceous earth, it will dehydrate the bed bugs and kill them.

Spraying chemical pesticides may help, but the chemicals must come into contact with the live bed bugs.

Foggers can be used with caution (it can explode). Close the windows, activate the canister and leave the room and keep it closed for 24 hours.

You can give the job to professional pest control agencies.

Preventing bed bug infestation is better and easier than eliminating the bed bugs.

How to reduce weight naturally

How to reduce weight naturally

How to reduce weight naturally

Obesity (gaining more weight than necessary) is one of the fast growing problems of the universe.

The causes and the ways it affects our health (complications) are discussed in our article obesity.

Taking medicines or food supplements to reduce weight for a long time may produce side effects.

After stopping the drugs there will be rebound increase in weight.

So it is better to reduce weight naturally.

Here we will discuss the best methods to lose weight naturally.

Aims for Obesity treatment                                 

Our aim of weight reduction program is to reach and maintain a healthy body weight throughout life.

Normal weight reduction programs

Normal weight loss programs involve changes in diet, increased physical activities, psychological counseling, medications and surgery.

Best ways to reduce weight (Holistic approach)

People, who eat the same food and do the same exercise together to reduce weight, may have different effect because the cause of obesity, the mind set and the basal metabolic rate (BMR) varies from person to person.

So weight loss program is not just strict diet and exercise alone but a HOLISTIC approach that involves both mind and body.

Foods to avoid to reduce body weight

To reduce weight, avoid sugar, carbohydrates, fats, processed food, junk food, sweetened beverages, deep fried food, cakes and ice creams.

How to reduce weight Naturally

Foods that reduce appetite: (Food that reduces carving)

Dark Chocolate: A chemical present in dark chocolate called stearic acid reduces appetite and the bitter taste signals the brain and reduces appetite.

Drinking water before meals reduces appetite.

Apples and pear contain pectin and fiber which reduce carving. Flax seeds, almonds and funnel seeds reduce appetite.

So take them daily to reduce weight.

Food that produces fullness of stomach

Green leafy vegetables, sweet potato, watermelon, cucumber and grapefruit produce fullness in stomach.

Green leafy vegetables like Brussels, cabbage, broccoli, kale, spinach, etc contain lot of fiber which is hard to digest.

Eggs and lean meat produce fullness.

These foods reduce the quantity of food taken there by reducing weight.

Apple and pear contain lots of fiber and pectin which produce fullness and reduce appetite.

Food and spices that burn and spend more calories (Fat Burners)

Green tea, Pepper, Ginger, Cinnamon, Turmeric, Cumin seeds and coffee burn more calories.

pineapple to reduce weightPineapple has a chemical called bromelain which burns lots of energy.

Coconut increases body heat (Thermogenic) and it burns more calories. So replace your cooking oil with coconut oil.

Eating curry leaves (around 10 leaves per day) helps to burn more fat.

Onion and garlic help to burn more calories. Chili pepper has capsaicin which increases the metabolic rate.

Apple cider vinegar is a good metabolic booster. Mix it with lemon juice, little pepper, little cinnamon and honey and drink it to lose weight.

Best Recipe for weight reduction

Take hot spicy vegetable or chicken soup with lot of hot pepper, onion, garlic, cinnamon, ginger and coconut oil.

Drinking hot spicy soup daily will reduce weight.

green tea to reduce weightTake green tea with cinnamon, ginger, and lemon juice. Green tea contains epigallocatechin gallate which is a good fat burner.

Instead of plain water, boil cumin seeds in water and drink it often to lose weight.

Take black coffee with ginger, cinnamon and honey instead of soft drinks or energy drinks with lots of calories.

100 ml of coffee burns around 80 calories. So drink coffee to lose weight.

Add hot spicy curry to your meal to reduce weight. Curry contains many different spices (turmeric, cinnamon, ginger, garlic hot pepper onion etc).  Hot Spicy curry is a good metabolic booster.

Lifestyle changes to reduce weight

  • Avoid eating while watching TV.
  • Do not sit in front of computer and TV for long.
  • Avoid watching advertisements that urge you to take unhealthy foods.
  • Avoid elevators and lifts but use stairs.
  • Avoid motor vehicles for short distances.

cycling to reduce weight

  • Go cycling or walking.

Psychological aspect of weight reduction

Psychological conditions like depression, anxiety, loneliness, and mental stress, produces emotional eating (eating to soothe the emotions).

Mental trauma and stress produce high levels of cortisol in the body. This leads to weight gain.

Putting on more weight itself can cause more anxiety and stress leading to more weight gain.

Being self-confident, having a positive mental attitude, having some hobbies, joining sports, diverting the mind to exercise programs like Tai chi, Yoga, swimming etc… can relieve the problems.

exercise to reduce weight

Exercise relieves stress and helps to reduce weight.

If the person is obese or overweight there is a reason for it. Do not force the body to reduce weight suddenly.

Sudden massive weight loss may produce weakness and reduce the immunity and make the person susceptible for illness.

Sudden loss of weight will slow down metabolism which may lead to weight gain.

So gradual weight reduction is advocated.

Have realistic goals (gradual weight loss). This will prevent loss of confidence and depression.

Visualization and positive thinking

Visualize yourself as thin. Keep an older photo of yourself when you were thin and visualize it often.

Cheat your brain to lose weight

Use small plates for eating so that it will look full and give mental satisfaction. Eat slowly, chew every bit and enjoy the meal. The brain takes time to register fullness.

Keep healthy food like fruits and vegetable on the table on plain sight.

Keep the Junk food and other unhealthy food away from sight to avoid temptation.

Increase the distance between you and unhealthy food.

Do not skip meals to lose weight

Do not skip meals, especially breakfast.

Taking breakfast boost the metabolism in the morning. Avoiding meal will slow down metabolism which is the opposite of what is wanted (weight gain instead of weight loss).

If you skip meals the brain will imagine coming famine and goes for storage mode and weight gain.

So eat 4 or 5 small and healthy meals per day to lose weight.

Reduce eating out with friends and family to lose weight.

Going out to eat with friends and family often, make you eat more unhealthy food. Eat more homemade and natural food.

Be careful of what you eat.

Eat when you are really hungry. Drink Water in between bites.

Reduce room temperature to lose weight

Reducing room temperature to around 18-20 degrees or taking cold showers will increase brown fat in the body, which in turn spend more calories.

Treat associated diseases

Patients with obesity having hypothyroid, diabetes, hypertension and kidney disease must consult their physician and treat the conditions.

Best method to reduce weight naturally and maintain it

In The morning take black coffee with spices and honey.

Yoga to reduce weight

Do yoga or exercises.

Have small breakfast.

Hot spicy soup before lunch with lot of pepper vegetables and spices.

Have small lunch with egg or lean meat or fish and vegetables.

Take green tea with lemon, cinnamon, ginger and honey.

Have hot spicy soup before dinner, followed by small dinner.

Drink lot of water in between.

If you follow this with regular exercise you will bind to reduce weight and maintain it throughout life.