Gestational Diabetes mellitus (GDM)

Gestational Diabetes, Holistic doctor online

Gestational Diabetes mellitus (GDM)

What is Gestational Diabetes?

When a non-diabetic woman develops diabetes (high blood sugar) when she is pregnant, it is called Gestational Diabetes. Gestational Diabetes develops during the last 3 months of pregnancy and resolves after delivery.

Gestational Diabetes is found in 5 to 15% of pregnant women.

What is the cause of Gestational Diabetes?

Placenta helps the baby to grow in the uterus. Hormones produced by the placenta to help the development of the baby, affects the function of mother’s insulin. This produces gestational diabetes.

It is more common in pregnant women with obesity, polycystic ovaries, type 2 diabetes in their families and in pregnant women above 35 years.

What are the symptoms of Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational Diabetic patients may not show many symptoms. Diagnosis is normally made when routine blood tests are done.

What are the types of Gestational diabetes?

Type 1 GDM:  High blood sugar level in oral glucose tolerance test with normal fasting & postprandial (pp) blood sugar values.

Type 2 GDM: High blood sugar in oral glucose tolerance test and high fasting& postprandial (pp) blood sugar levels.

What are the possible complications?

Gestational diabetes can produce intrauterine death of the baby, stillbirth, congenital abnormalities, and big Babies. Babies can become diabetic later. In mothers, it can produce pre-eclampsia (Condition with high blood pressure with albumin in the urine), uterine atony, prolonged labour and infection. GDM patients can become type 2 diabetics latter.

What are the investigations to be done?

Oral glucose tolerance test, HbA1c, Urine examination and Ultrasound abdomen.

What are the treatments for Gestational diabetics?

For type 1 GDM: Diet control and mild exercise is enough. Reduce carbohydrates in the diet and take more proteins and lot of vegetables.

For type 2 GMD: Insulin is the treatment of choice. Anti-diabetic tablets are not approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA).


How To Get Rid Of Dandruff Naturally

How to get rid of dandruff

How To Get Rid Of Dandruff Naturally

Every day our body replaces old cells with new cells. This is seen in scalp also and cells are shed in flakes regularly. But when the cells are shed at a faster rate, it becomes a cosmetic problem and flakes are seen on hair, dress on shoulder and back like snowflakes. Here we will discuss about the causes and how to get rid of dandruff.

Causes of Dandruff

Dry Skin or oily skin, insufficient shampooing or over shampooing can produce dandruff. Chemical present in hair tonics, shampoos, conditioners, hair oils and hair dyes can produce allergy or hypersensitivity and increase dandruff. Cold climate can also produce dry skin and dandruff. Normally there are bacteria (staphylococcus), fungus (malassezia) and yeast present on the scalp. When the immunity of the person goes down (stress, using steroids etc…), they over grow and produce dandruff. Other conditions like eczema, psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis can also produce flaking.



The best way to get rid of dandruff is to apply fenugreek paste to scalp.

Soak 3 tablespoon of fenugreek seeds in one cup of water overnight, grind it in the morning, apply the paste over the scalp, massage the scalp and wash it off after 30 minutes. It is a good hair tonic and keeps the hair silky and smooth. Use this twice a week for better results.

Neem leaves

Neem leaf is a very good natural remedy to get rid of dandruff. Grind neem leaves with little water to make a paste. Massage the neem paste over scalp and wash it off after 15 minutes. Neem leaf acts as excellent antibacterial and antiviral agent.

You can boil neem leaves in water and after it cools down, apply over scalp and wash it off after 15 minutes.

Curry leaves

Applying curry leaf paste over scalp is an excellent home remedy to get rid of dandruff. Curry leaves are rich in antioxidants, proteins, vitamins and minerals.

Grind curry leaf with little water. Apply the paste over scalp. Wash it after 30 minutes. It is good to prevent premature graying. Apply curry leaves to the hair to produce black, silky hair. It is a good hair tonic helps in hair growth.

You can boil curry leaves in coconut oil, cool it, apply over scalp, keep it overnight and wash it with cold or lukewarm water in the morning. Continue this 2 or 3 times a week until the scalp is clear of dandruff.

Coconut oil

Applying coconut oil on scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff. Coconut oil acts as good anti bacterial and anti-fungal agent.

Take 1 tablespoon of coconut oil and heat it. When it is warm massage it over scalp, cover your hair with a shower cap, leave it overnight and wash it in the morning with cold water.

Tea Tree oil

Applying tea tree oil to scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff. You can mix it with olive oil or coconut oil and apply over scalp.

Aleo vera

Aleo vera gel gives cooling effect to scalp, reduce inflammation and itching. Applying aloe vera gel to scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff.

Baking soda

Baking soda is another agent to get rid of dandruff. It acts as good anti-fungal and antibiotic. It reduces sebum in the scalp and reduces inflammation and itching of scalp.

Make the scalp wet, massage baking soda over wet scalp and wash it after 10 minutes.


The acid in lemon modifies the pH of scalp. It acts as a good anti-fungal agent. Apply it over scalp 2 to 3 times a week, 10 minutes before bath to get rid of dandruff.

Olive oil

Olive oil application to scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff. Apply olive oil to scalp at night and wash it off in the morning.

Apple cider vinegar

Apply apple cider vinegar over scalp to get rid of dandruff. Apple cider is high in acetic acid. It alters the pH of scalp. Apple cider vinegar acts as good antibacterial.

Mix equal amount of apple cider vinegar and water, massage it over scalp and wash it after 15 minutes.

The result of treatment may vary from individual to individual. You can try it individually or in combination for better results.

How to prevent dandruff

Along with above methods to get rid of dandruff, well balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables will help to prevent dandruff. Use mild shampoo. Avoid hair tonic, hair oil and hair dye with lot of chemicals. Avoid taking bath with very hot water. Use cold or lukewarm water for bath. Avoid mental stress.