How to Control Obesity

control obesity

How to Control Obesity

Humanity is facing a fast growing serious health problem called Obesity

Around 35%  people around the world are suffering from obesity.

What is Obesity?

If a person’s body weight is more than what is considered healthy for his height, then he/she is said to be obese.

In other words, when a person accumulates fat in his body to such an extent it produces ill health, it is called obesity.

How is obesity measured?

Obesity is measured using the unit called Body Mass Index ( BMI ).

It is calculated by dividing that person’s body weight (in kilograms) by square of his/her height ( in meters)

Example: Person’s weight: 80 kilograms.

Person’s height: 1.60 meters.

BMI : 80/1.60X1.60 =  31.25

Result: Obesity.

Obesity Table

  • BMI below 18.5 – Underweight.
  • BMI   18.5- 24.9 – Normal
  • BMI      25- 29.9 – Over Weight
  • BMI     above 30 – Obesity
  • BMI     above  40 – extreme obesity.

What causes Obesity?

The main cause of obesity is the energy imbalance.

The amount of energy taken (as food and drinks ) should be equal to the amount of energy spent for the normal functions of the body.

If the amount of energy taken in is more than necessary, it produces obesity.

Diet: Energy imbalance is due to consuming large quantities of high-calorie diet, junk foods, deep fried foods, aerated sweet drinks, ice creams etc.

Reduced Physical activities: Previously we used to walk to our workplace or for shopping. Now we use vehicles and buy things online.

We used to climb stairs, now we use lifts or escalators.

Previously children used to play outside. But now they play games on smartphones or computers. They also watch television for hours together munching some fried food like chips. This reduced activity produces obesity.

Other causes of obesity

Diseases like Hypothyroid, polycystic ovaries, and Cushing’s disease can produce obesity.

Not having enough sleep at night also produce obesity.

Mental Stress and psychological problems like depression can also produce obesity.

Obesity can be caused by drugs like steroids, antiepileptics, antidepressants and antipsychotics.

What are the complications of obesity? 

Many people take obesity as a cosmetic problem. But it can produce severe health problems.

Most people with obesity develop type 2 diabetes. It can also produce heart attack, high blood pressure, gall bladder stones, chronic kidney disease and cancer.

Obesity is one of the main causes of knee pain (osteoarthritis).

Obesity produces breathlessness while walking. It is the cause of sleep disorders like snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea, which produces daytime drowsiness.

What are the treatments for obesity? (How to lose weight?) 


Reduce empty calories like sweetened aerated drinks. Reduce deep fried foods, junk foods, high carbohydrate diet and ice screams.

Take more organic fruits and vegetables. Change cooking oil to coconut oil or olive oil.

Increase physical activities

Increase physical activities like walking and daily exercise. Reduce mental stress.

Treat diseases like mental depression, anxiety, hypothyroidism and type 2 diabetes.

Medical treatment

Medicines may not give the same results to all the obese patients. Anti-obesity drugs like Phentermine  (Qsymia), Orlistat (Xenical), Bupropion (Contrave) and meta-amphetamine can be taken under physician’s care.

Surgical treatment

Surgery is necessary if the patient is having severe obesity ( BMI 35 and above).

Surgery is called Bariatric surgery.

Sleeve gastrectomy: Here part of the stomach is removed to reduce the capacity.

Adjustable gastric band: A band placed around the upper part of the stomach to reduce the capacity.

Gastric bypass: The upper portion of the stomach is separated and connected to the small intestine.

These surgeries are invasive and have complications.

So it is better to prevent obesity or treat it naturally.

Click here to know, how to reduce weight naturally


How To Get Rid Of Dandruff Naturally

How to get rid of dandruff

How To Get Rid Of Dandruff Naturally

Every day our body replaces old cells with new cells. This is seen in scalp also and cells are shed in flakes regularly. But when the cells are shed at a faster rate, it becomes a cosmetic problem and flakes are seen on hair, dress on shoulder and back like snowflakes. Here we will discuss about the causes and how to get rid of dandruff.

Causes of Dandruff

Dry Skin or oily skin, insufficient shampooing or over shampooing can produce dandruff. Chemical present in hair tonics, shampoos, conditioners, hair oils and hair dyes can produce allergy or hypersensitivity and increase dandruff. Cold climate can also produce dry skin and dandruff. Normally there are bacteria (staphylococcus), fungus (malassezia) and yeast present on the scalp. When the immunity of the person goes down (stress, using steroids etc…), they over grow and produce dandruff. Other conditions like eczema, psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis can also produce flaking.



The best way to get rid of dandruff is to apply fenugreek paste to scalp.

Soak 3 tablespoon of fenugreek seeds in one cup of water overnight, grind it in the morning, apply the paste over the scalp, massage the scalp and wash it off after 30 minutes. It is a good hair tonic and keeps the hair silky and smooth. Use this twice a week for better results.

Neem leaves

Neem leaf is a very good natural remedy to get rid of dandruff. Grind neem leaves with little water to make a paste. Massage the neem paste over scalp and wash it off after 15 minutes. Neem leaf acts as excellent antibacterial and antiviral agent.

You can boil neem leaves in water and after it cools down, apply over scalp and wash it off after 15 minutes.

Curry leaves

Applying curry leaf paste over scalp is an excellent home remedy to get rid of dandruff. Curry leaves are rich in antioxidants, proteins, vitamins and minerals.

Grind curry leaf with little water. Apply the paste over scalp. Wash it after 30 minutes. It is good to prevent premature graying. Apply curry leaves to the hair to produce black, silky hair. It is a good hair tonic helps in hair growth.

You can boil curry leaves in coconut oil, cool it, apply over scalp, keep it overnight and wash it with cold or lukewarm water in the morning. Continue this 2 or 3 times a week until the scalp is clear of dandruff.

Coconut oil

Applying coconut oil on scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff. Coconut oil acts as good anti bacterial and anti-fungal agent.

Take 1 tablespoon of coconut oil and heat it. When it is warm massage it over scalp, cover your hair with a shower cap, leave it overnight and wash it in the morning with cold water.

Tea Tree oil

Applying tea tree oil to scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff. You can mix it with olive oil or coconut oil and apply over scalp.

Aleo vera

Aleo vera gel gives cooling effect to scalp, reduce inflammation and itching. Applying aloe vera gel to scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff.

Baking soda

Baking soda is another agent to get rid of dandruff. It acts as good anti-fungal and antibiotic. It reduces sebum in the scalp and reduces inflammation and itching of scalp.

Make the scalp wet, massage baking soda over wet scalp and wash it after 10 minutes.


The acid in lemon modifies the pH of scalp. It acts as a good anti-fungal agent. Apply it over scalp 2 to 3 times a week, 10 minutes before bath to get rid of dandruff.

Olive oil

Olive oil application to scalp is another way to get rid of dandruff. Apply olive oil to scalp at night and wash it off in the morning.

Apple cider vinegar

Apply apple cider vinegar over scalp to get rid of dandruff. Apple cider is high in acetic acid. It alters the pH of scalp. Apple cider vinegar acts as good antibacterial.

Mix equal amount of apple cider vinegar and water, massage it over scalp and wash it after 15 minutes.

The result of treatment may vary from individual to individual. You can try it individually or in combination for better results.

How to prevent dandruff

Along with above methods to get rid of dandruff, well balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables will help to prevent dandruff. Use mild shampoo. Avoid hair tonic, hair oil and hair dye with lot of chemicals. Avoid taking bath with very hot water. Use cold or lukewarm water for bath. Avoid mental stress.